Demokratie vs. Autoritarismus

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Belarus: From the old social contract to a new social identity

Von Nadja Douglas
ZOiS Report 6/2020 State-society relations in Belarus have been tense for many years. The presidential elections in August 2020 and the mishandling of the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic have proved to be the catalyst that brought these fragile relations to a complete breakdown. Over the years, the widening gap between a new generation of an emancipated citizenry and a regime stuck in predominantly paternalistic power structures and reluctant to engage in political and economic reforms has become increasingly evident. The deteriorating economy during the last decade and the perceived decline of the country’s social welfare system have been important factors in these developments. At the same time, the regime has continued to invest in its domestic security structures to a disproportionate extent compared with neighbouring states, allowing the so-called silovye struktury (“state power structures”) to gain influence at the highest level of state governance. (…)
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Die Ukraine als Schachbrett: die Logik der politischen Krise 2008

Von Katerina Bosko [Malygina]
Am 9. Oktober verkündete der Präsident der Ukraine Viktor Juschtschenko die Auflösung des Parlamentes (Werchowna Rada) und die Durchführung von vorzeitigen Wahlen. Diese wurden für den 7. Dezember ausgerufen. So unlogisch die Neuwahlen zur Verchovna Rada aus Sicht der nationalen Interessen der Ukraine sind, so logisch sind sie im Hinblick auf die persönlichen Ambitionen der Politiker. (…)
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